Automation

6 Popular Automation Testing Frameworks & Tools

Automation Testing Frameworks are used when we want to start automating the manual process,
today there are several different frameworks and tools that can help you build great tests.

In this article, we will cover 6 of the most popular automation testing frameworks and tools that available today.

Cypress

Cypress.io is a purely JavaScript-based front-end E2E testing tool built for the modern web.
It aims to address the pain points developers or QA engineers face while testing an application.

Cypress is a more developer-friendly tool that uses a unique DOM manipulation technique and operates directly in the browser.
Cypress also provides a unique interactive test runner in which it executes all commands.

The Cypress Test Runner is an open-source, downloadable application that runs your tests in a browser.
It is free to use and is provided under the MIT license.

The Cypress Dashboard is a SaaS web app that pairs with the open-source Test Runner, making it easy to scale your test runs and debug failed tests, this dashboard has a free plan and paid plans.

You can read more about cypress in our blog.

Pricing: Free
Coding Skills: JavaScript

Selenium

Selenium is a free (open-source) automated testing framework used to validate web applications across different browsers and platforms.
You can use multiple programming languages like Java, C#, Python etc to create Selenium Test Scripts. Testing done using the Selenium testing tool is usually referred to as Selenium Testing.

Selenium Software is not just a single tool but a suite of software, each piece catering to different Selenium QA testing needs of an organization. Here is the list of tools

  • Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
  • Selenium Remote Control (RC)
  • WebDriver
  • Selenium Grid

Pricing: Free
Coding Skills: Java / C# / Python

Puppeteer

Puppeteer is a Node library created by Google which provides a high-level API to control headless Chrome or Chromium over the DevTools Protocol. It can also be configured to use full (non-headless) Chrome or Chromium.

Most things that you can do manually in the browser can be done using Puppeteer! Here are a few examples to get you started:

  • Generate screenshots and PDFs of pages.
  • Crawl a SPA (Single-Page Application) and generate pre-rendered content (i.e. “SSR” (Server-Side Rendering)).
  • Automate form submission, UI testing, keyboard input, etc.
  • Create an up-to-date, automated testing environment. Run your tests directly in the latest version of Chrome using the latest JavaScript and browser features.
  • Capture a timeline trace of your site to help diagnose performance issues.
  • Test Chrome Extensions.

You can also read more about Puppeteer in our blog.

Pricing: Free
Coding Skills: JavaScript

Playwright

Playwright created by Microsoft is is a new, open-source, JavaScript-based, cross-browser automation library for E2E testing.
Built by the same team which created Puppeteer, Playwright too is an open-source NodeJS based framework. 

The goal of Playwright Node.js is to provide a single API to developers and testers to automate their web applications across today’s three major browser engines:

  • Chromium
  • Firefox
  • WebKit

Pricing: Free
Coding Skills: JavaScript

TestProject

TestProject is a free test automation platform for mobile and web apps. It aims to simplify your test automation experience while offering infinite customization through a gallery of add-ons.

TestProject allows you to integrate Selenium and Appium for mobile automation testing purposes. Though the tool is free and open-source, it is a feature-rich platform. It enables you to schedule your tests on any browser or device and record the tests using a cloud recorder.

What makes this tool really powerfull is that it’s a first of its kind free community-powered cloud platform that can be used to record, develop and analyze test automation.

Another great thing about TestProject is that it easily supports so many platforms like Windows, macOS, Linux, iOS, Android, Webservices.

TestProject allows you to:

  • Record tests with a beautiful cloud-based recorder for web and mobile applications
  • Schedule tests for execution on any browsers or devices you own
  • Integrate tests to your CI/CD pipeline with out-of-the-box integrations to Jenkins and other tools
  • Extend TestProject with a coded test SDK, REST API, and numerous community Add-Ons
  • Analyze results with complete analytics and drill-down reports

Pricing: Free
Coding Skills: None

Testim.io

Testim is an automated testing solution designed to help businesses leverage artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) technologies to build, configure, record, execute and maintain tests.

Administrators can organize tests using folders, labels and plans based on release, user type or feature and gain insights into team productivity, recurring failures and trends through reports.

Testim allows organizations to create, update or debug tests and capture authoring actions such as iframe iterations, drag-and-drop, multi-tab usage and text entry.
Managers can modify, delete, reorder or add recorded steps, adjust timeouts and export tests as code to edit in an integrated development environment (IDE) according to requirements.

Testim facilitates integration with various third-party systems such as Jenkins, GitHub, Trello, TestRail and more. The product is available for free or on request and support is extended via live chat, forums, documentation, email, phone and other online measures.

Pricing: Free for small teams and paid plans for the rest.
Coding Skills: None

Summary

All the automation testing frameworks we just covered in this article are great and each one of them has advantages and disadvantages.

You need to understand what are your requirements and which one of them is the best fit for your propose.

Ofir Blumental

QA Automation Engineer - ofirblumental1@gmail.com

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